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Dec 1, 2014

Costa Rica Celebrates 66 years With No Military

Edgar Garcia Miranda

Here’s a significant fact many people might not know. Costa Rica is one of only twenty-two countries in the world that doesn’t have a military. The decision to abolish the small nation’s military was made sixty-six years ago today, on December first, 1948. The rationale was the prioritizing of developmental needs – the country preferred to pump its resources into human development, rather than the strengthening of its military capabilities. It’s a revolutionary way of approaching development, but by all indications it has reaped huge dividends. Today, on the anniversary of that decision, Costa Rican Ambassador to Belize His Excellency Edgar Garcia Miranda visited our studios.


Edgar Garcia Miranda, Costa Rican Ambassador to Belize

“In 1949, when the political constitution was formulated, there is a specific article that speaks of the abolishment of the military as a law of the republic. Why did we remove the army? We are a small country and the budget that we would allocate to the military, we could and do spend it on other things that are more beneficial to the Costa Rican citizens. We use it on education and universal health and in the reduction of social difference so there will be more peace and unity. In order to diminish conflicts, we have acquired the international support to safeguard our interests, our sovereignty and social welfare. This means that we have opted for the opportunity to turn Costa Rica into an equitable and just society moving towards enhancement of human development and not in the strengthening of any army.”


We’ll have more on the Costa Rican experience in Tuesday’s newscast.

Viewers please note: This Internet newscast is a verbatim transcript of our evening television newscast. Where speakers use Kriol, we attempt to faithfully reproduce the quotes using a standard spelling system.

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3 Responses for “Costa Rica Celebrates 66 years With No Military”

  1. bellyful says:

    A number of things, Mr. ambassador: 1. Costa Rica is the Switzerland of Central America. If anyone were to invade CR, a whole host of rich countries would come to her aid in a vigorous manner. That would not happen with most other countries. We have to fend for ourselves. 2. CR *has* an army of well-trained security personnel, but they don’t dress them in green and they call them something else. Listen, you can call a rose ‘dogmeat flower.’ It’s still a rose. 3. In theory (in theory, because CR *does* have security forces), not having a military is akin to neglecting to assure your son’s ability to defend himself in the schoolyard and focusing all your attentions on his academic achievements. Hey, if you like pale, soft, skinny-fat, weak, good for you!

  2. cg says:

    Costa Ricans live really good..and feel far safer than countries surrounding them….if you invest in your people they have no need to be committing crimes.

  3. Teddy Steinway says:

    The CR’s may regret being such pussies.

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