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Mar 7, 2013

Healthy Living’s options for birth control

Proper family planning is highly encouraged in today’s society. With a planned approach to building a family the well-being of children and parents are considered in the decision of how many and how often a woman will have children. Birth control or contraceptive methods are the main options for women and men who are looking to planned parenthood. There’s countless misinformation about preventing pregnancy; so this week Healthy Living focuses on getting the facts about the medical and surgical options for birth control with an OBGYN.

 

Marleni Cuellar, Reporting

When it comes to birth control very few have all their facts straight; uneducated or misinformed about birth control uses and effectiveness; we become guided by misconceptions and myths. As gynecologist Doctor Mauricio Navarrette puts it, we tend to have a myth-oriented knowledge when it comes to contraceptives. He tells us of some of the common myths he encounters and gives us the facts. We start with how contraceptives are designed to function.

 

Doctor Mauricio Navarrette, Obstetrician/Gynecologist

Mauricio Navarrette

“There is surgical methods and medical methods. Surgical methods are designed to be permanent, while the medical methods: pills, injection, the IUD known as the coil—all temporary methods. The effect of these medications on the body—if you want to put it in layman’s term—is to put the ovaries or reproductive system to sleep, to rest. So ovaries are not producing actively ovules on a monthly basis so that is the reason why women would not get pregnant. These ovules are not being lost though but just left at rest so they are not fully working at this time. So you are actually saving your ovules.”

 

The most common misconception is regarding infertility. Myth number one, extended use of the contraceptives causes Infertility.

 

Doctor Mauricio Navarrette

“Most women have the idea that contraceptives on the long term would affect their fertile—it will make them infertile or that it would cause certain changes to their body that are somehow irreversible. In truth, methods of birth control as a whole are temporary methods and do not affect fertility. Fertility usually returns within a month to three months after finishing any method of birth control…depending on what type you are using.”

 

A woman can get pregnant immediately after removing the IUD, about a month or two after coming off the pill while the injection takes a bit more time usually a couple of months. The second myth, looks specifically at the Intrauterine device IUD more commonly referred to as the coil. Myth number two,  IUD or Coil causes cancer.

 

Doctor Mauricio Navarrette

“The most common myth with the coil is that it causes cancer if you use it for very long periods. That is not true. The coil is actually one of the oldest methods of birth control; it has been used for decades now. I think over five decades that different versions of the coil have been used and again there is no association between the coil and cancer; especially cervical cancer. Women believe that they’re gonna get cervical cancer and the coil. It is more effective than the pill to prevent pregnancy.

 

The third myth has to do with the effectiveness of birth control. Myth number three, yu cannot get pregnant if you use contraceptives.

 

Doctor Mauricio Navarrette

“There is no of birth control that is one hundred percent effective. Tubal ligation, which is the most effective method of birth control, has a failure rate of point two percent. This is calculated as point two of every hundred women per year. Every other method of birth control come down from that meaning it has less effectiveness than that. So the point that is important for women to understand is that no method is failsafe. Of course it doesn’t mean that you are not going to have a procedure or that you are not going to use birth control, it is much safer. The failure rate of using nothing is eighty-five percent meaning that eighty-five percent of women will get pregnant if not using anything.”

 

Abstinence is in fact the only birth control method that is one hundred percent effective. For the others, surgical procedures like tubal ligation and vasectomy are the most effective, followed by IUD’s and oral contraceptives. As for condoms, effective condom use as in properly used all the time has an 8% failure rate which is eight in every hundred women per year. That number quickly jumps to fifteen to twenty-three percent if condoms aren’t used properly. So therefore, effectiveness is not guaranteed by any method and it is different for each method and is very closely linked to how it is used. The next myth is a very dangerous misconception.  Myth number four, Tubal ligation can be undone or tied tubes can be untied.

 

Doctor Mauricio Navarrette

“The method in itself is designed to be permanent. There is no such thing as tying your tubes and untying them later one. So it is important for women to realize these things before they actually make a decision because most of them might make a wrong decision thinking that they can do something for a while and then return to their normal fertility afterwards. Yes there is a procedure called a tubal reversal; but it is an expensive procedure, it is a surgery and it is not a guaranteed surgery. So women who undertake these permanent methods of birth control should really get some counseling before and make a wise decision to say okay, I will not have any more children.”

 

The last myth is one that is very controversial but it may be part of the decision making process. Myth number five contraceptives are equivalent to abortions.

 

Doctor Mauricio Navarrette

“Contraceptives are basically designed to prevent ovulation. If there is no ovulation, there cannot be fertilization; there is no fertilization, there cannot be an abortion.”

 

Contraceptives are not the same for every person, which is why it is highly recommended to seek your physician’s advice.

 

Doctor Mauricio Navarrette

“You need to consult with a physician to see what contraceptive method is best for you. So the most important thing really is just to get informed. Contraceptives do not harm your body, but they are not made for everybody either. So you gotta consult and really see along with your physician what is best for you. The physician will not decide for you, but he or she will help you decide what is best for you depending on what is your wish presently and for your future regarding fertility.”

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3 Responses for “Healthy Living’s options for birth control”

  1. prolifer says:

    This poor dr needs to do more research – it is a known fact that contraceptive pills causes breast cancer and other cancers. Many contraceptive pill are known to be abortifacacients. Praying that women will realize the harm they do to their bodies when they take these substances!!

  2. aij says:

    pretty sure he never said that. he said that IUDs don’t cause cancer. an IUD isn’t a pill. but maybe i skimmed over it when reading.

  3. Trouble says:

    Vasectomy for men. It is the most effective form of birth control. No report cases of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, high blood pressure. Blood clots, hair lost, anxiety…… It is the most economical. Doc, lets push your birth control for this procedure. Guaranteed safe from all side effects.

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